August is a busy month for us and from a historical perspective it has had many events that have shaped the way we live today, for instance, on August 1, 1758 the first Indian reservation in North America was established by the New Jersey Colonial Assembly. This decision to remove the indigenous people from their Native lands to "allotted" areas has had many ramifications.
On August 5, 1851, Santee Sioux Chief Little Crow signed a treaty with the federal government, ceding nearly all his people's territory in Minnesota. Though not happy with the agreement, he abided by it for many years. Little Crow was a man who could foresee the need to "get along" but he would stand by his tribe and their decisions even if it meant giving his life for those same people.
August 18, 1862: Beginning of the Sioux Uprising (or Santee War) in Minnesota. The Sioux declared war on the white settlers, killing more than 1,000. They were eventually defeated by the U.S. army, which marched 1,700 survivors to Fort Snelling. Others escaped to the safety of their western relatives. Over 400 Indians were tried for murder, 38 of whom were publicly executed. By 1864 90% of the Santee, and many of the Teton who sheltered them were dead or in prison. Little Crow was one of many who perished in this epic battle for what was left of this Northern Plains tribe.
Visit the link below for books that speak of the transformation for the Northern Plains Native Americans and thank you for taking the time to visit us.