Shopping Cart : $0.00

You have no items in your shopping cart.

Subtotal: $0.00

Ledger Art

Ledger Art

“This genre, often called Ledger Art, represents a transitional form of Plains Indian artistry corresponding to the forced reduction of Plains tribes to government reservations, roughly between 1860 and 1900. Due to the destruction of the buffalo herds and other game animals of the Great Plains by Anglo-Americans during and after the Civil War, painting on buffalo hide gave way to works on paper, muslin, canvas, and occasionally commercially prepared cow or buffalo hides.

“Beginning in the early 1860s, Plains Indian men adapted their representational style of painting to paper in the form of accountants ledger books. Traditional paints and bone and stick brushes used to paint on hide gave way to new implements such as colored pencils, crayon, and occasionally water color paints. Plains artists acquired paper and new drawing materials in trade, or as booty after a military engagement, or from a raid. Initially, the content of ledger drawings continued the tradition of depicting of military exploits and important acts of personal heroism already established in representational painting on buffalo hides and animal skins. As the US government implemented the forced relocation of the Plains peoples to reservations, for all practical purposes completed by the end of the 1870s, Plains artists added scenes of ceremony and daily life from before the reservation to the repertoire of their artwork, reflecting the social and cultural changes brought by life on the reservation within the larger context of forced assimilation.”

 "Ledger Art History." Department of Ethnic Studies, University of California San Diego: Plains Indian Ledger Art Project. 2011

  1. Buffalo Warrior - Original Ledger Art - Evans Flammond, Sr.

    Buffalo Warrior

    Evans Flammond, Sr. is Rosebud Sioux artist who creates original ledger art. “Buffalo Warrior” is drawn with colored pencil and ink on a sheet of ledger paper dated 1895.
    Learn More
  2. Declaration of Independence - Evans Flammond, Sr.

    Declaration of Independence

    “Declaration of Independence” is an original colored pencil and ink drawing on a print of the Declaration of Independence by Rosebud Sioux artist, Evans Flammond, Sr.
    Learn More
  3. Returning Home - Ledger Art - Evans Flammond, Sr.

    Returning Home

    Rosebud Sioux ledger artist, Evans Flammond, Sr. used colored pencil and ink on an antique ledger page from 1898 to create, “Returning Home.”
    Learn More
  4. Chief - Ledger Art - Evans Flammond, Sr.


    “Chief,” a colored pencil and ink drawing on antique ledger paper was drawn by Lakota ledger artist, Evans Flammond, Sr. It’s a very detailed rendition of a Sioux Chief with his headdress, lance and shield.
    Learn More
  5. Red Horse - Ledger Drawing by Donald F. Montileaux

    Red Horse

    “Red Horse” is an energetic image of a painted horse rendered by Native American ledger artist, Don Montileaux.
    Learn More
  6. Four Bears by Evans Flammond, Sr. - Lakota Ledger Art

    Four Bears

    "Four Bears" by Evans Flammond, Sr. is a colored pencil and ink portrait on 1888 ledger paper of the famous and revered Mandan chief who lived from around the late 1700s until 1837.
    Learn More
  7. Eagle Warrior - Ledger Drawing by Joe Pulliam

    Eagle Warrior

    With a long, eagle feather headdress, beautifully beaded leggings, pipe bag and knife sheath, and an eagle feather adorned coup staff, this warrior is dressed in his finest and honors the spirit of the eagle. Original ledger art by Joe Pulliam.
    Learn More
  8. Warrior with Bear Skin Headdress - Ledger Drawing by Joe Pulliam

    Warrior with Bear Skin Headdress

    Using watercolor on an 1865 ledger page, Lakota artist Joe Pulliam has painted “Warrior with Bear Skin Headdress.”
    Learn More
  9. Spotted Elk - Don Montileaux - Limited Edition Print

    Spotted Elk

    Lakota artist, Don Montileaux’s limited edition ledger art print, “Spotted Elk,” depicts a lone warrior riding his favorite war pony into battle.
    Learn More
  10. Blue Head - Don Montileaux - Limited Edition Print

    Blue Head

    “Blue Head,” by Lakota ledger artist Don Montileaux, is a limited edition print featuring three colorful and stylized horses printed on heavy watercolor paper with archival inks.
    Learn More

List  Grid 

per page
Set Descending Direction
  1. 1
  2. 2