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Ledger Art

Ledger Art

“This genre, often called Ledger Art, represents a transitional form of Plains Indian artistry corresponding to the forced reduction of Plains tribes to government reservations, roughly between 1860 and 1900. Due to the destruction of the buffalo herds and other game animals of the Great Plains by Anglo-Americans during and after the Civil War, painting on buffalo hide gave way to works on paper, muslin, canvas, and occasionally commercially prepared cow or buffalo hides.

“Beginning in the early 1860s, Plains Indian men adapted their representational style of painting to paper in the form of accountants ledger books. Traditional paints and bone and stick brushes used to paint on hide gave way to new implements such as colored pencils, crayon, and occasionally water color paints. Plains artists acquired paper and new drawing materials in trade, or as booty after a military engagement, or from a raid. Initially, the content of ledger drawings continued the tradition of depicting of military exploits and important acts of personal heroism already established in representational painting on buffalo hides and animal skins. As the US government implemented the forced relocation of the Plains peoples to reservations, for all practical purposes completed by the end of the 1870s, Plains artists added scenes of ceremony and daily life from before the reservation to the repertoire of their artwork, reflecting the social and cultural changes brought by life on the reservation within the larger context of forced assimilation.”

 "Ledger Art History." Department of Ethnic Studies, University of California San Diego: Plains Indian Ledger Art Project. 2011
https://plainsledgerart.org/history/

  1. Returning Home - Ledger Art - Evans Flammond, Sr.

    Returning Home

    $1,010.00
    Rosebud Sioux ledger artist, Evans Flammond, Sr. used colored pencil and ink on an antique ledger page from 1898 to create, “Returning Home.”
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  2. Chief - Ledger Art - Evans Flammond, Sr.

    Chief

    $1,020.00
    “Chief,” a colored pencil and ink drawing on antique ledger paper was drawn by Lakota ledger artist, Evans Flammond, Sr. It’s a very detailed rendition of a Sioux Chief with his headdress, lance and shield.
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  3. Strength and Honor - Darryl Growing Thunder - Framed Ledger Art Collage

    Strength and Honor

    $1,500.00
    “Strength and Honor” is an original ledger art collage by Native American artist Darryl Growing Thunder.
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  4. Strength and Beauty - Darryl Growing Thunder - Framed Ledger Art Collage

    Strength and Beauty

    $1,500.00
    “Strength and Beauty” is an original ledger drawing on a collage of antique paper by Assiniboine and Sioux artist Darryl Growing Thunder.
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  5. Strong Heart Protector - Darryl Growing Thunder - Framed Ledger Art Collage

    Strong Heart Protector

    $600.00
    Drawn on a collage of antique ledger paper, “Strong Heart Protector” is an original work of art by Native American artist, Darryl Growing Thunder.
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  6. Red Horse - Ledger Drawing by Donald F. Montileaux

    Red Horse

    $330.00
    “Red Horse” is an energetic image of a painted horse rendered by Native American ledger artist, Don Montileaux.
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  7. Four Bears by Evans Flammond, Sr. - Lakota Ledger Art

    Four Bears

    $2,990.00
    "Four Bears" by Evans Flammond, Sr. is a colored pencil and ink portrait on 1888 ledger paper of the famous and revered Mandan chief who lived from around the late 1700s until 1837.
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  8. Eagle Warrior - Ledger Drawing by Joe Pulliam

    Eagle Warrior

    $820.00
    With a long, eagle feather headdress, beautifully beaded leggings, pipe bag and knife sheath, and an eagle feather adorned coup staff, this warrior is dressed in his finest and honors the spirit of the eagle. Original ledger art by Joe Pulliam.
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  9. Warrior with Bear Skin Headdress - Ledger Drawing by Joe Pulliam

    Warrior with Bear Skin Headdress

    $765.00
    Using watercolor on an 1865 ledger page, Lakota artist Joe Pulliam has painted “Warrior with Bear Skin Headdress.”
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  10. Spotted Elk - Don Montileaux - Limited Edition Print

    Spotted Elk

    $145.00
    Lakota artist, Don Montileaux’s limited edition ledger art print, “Spotted Elk,” depicts a lone warrior riding his favorite war pony into battle.
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