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Ledger Art

Ledger Art

“This genre, often called Ledger Art, represents a transitional form of Plains Indian artistry corresponding to the forced reduction of Plains tribes to government reservations, roughly between 1860 and 1900. Due to the destruction of the buffalo herds and other game animals of the Great Plains by Anglo-Americans during and after the Civil War, painting on buffalo hide gave way to works on paper, muslin, canvas, and occasionally commercially prepared cow or buffalo hides.

“Beginning in the early 1860s, Plains Indian men adapted their representational style of painting to paper in the form of accountants ledger books. Traditional paints and bone and stick brushes used to paint on hide gave way to new implements such as colored pencils, crayon, and occasionally water color paints. Plains artists acquired paper and new drawing materials in trade, or as booty after a military engagement, or from a raid. Initially, the content of ledger drawings continued the tradition of depicting of military exploits and important acts of personal heroism already established in representational painting on buffalo hides and animal skins. As the US government implemented the forced relocation of the Plains peoples to reservations, for all practical purposes completed by the end of the 1870s, Plains artists added scenes of ceremony and daily life from before the reservation to the repertoire of their artwork, reflecting the social and cultural changes brought by life on the reservation within the larger context of forced assimilation.”

 "Ledger Art History." Department of Ethnic Studies, University of California San Diego: Plains Indian Ledger Art Project. 2011
https://plainsledgerart.org/history/

  1. Four Bears by Evans Flammond, Sr. - Lakota Ledger Art

    Four Bears

    $2,990.00
    "Four Bears" by Evans Flammond, Sr. is a colored pencil and ink portrait on 1888 ledger paper of the famous and revered Mandan chief who lived from around the late 1700s until 1837.
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  2. Spotted Elk - Don Montileaux - Limited Edition Print

    Spotted Elk

    $145.00
    Lakota artist, Don Montileaux’s limited edition ledger art print, “Spotted Elk,” depicts a lone warrior riding his favorite war pony into battle.
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  3. Blue Head - Don Montileaux - Limited Edition Print

    Blue Head

    $145.00
    “Blue Head,” by Lakota ledger artist Don Montileaux, is a limited edition print featuring three colorful and stylized horses printed on heavy watercolor paper with archival inks.
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  4. Con.Fron.Ta.Tion - Don Montileaux - Limited Edition Print

    Con.Fron.Ta.Tion

    $145.00
    Native American ledger artist Don Montileaux created this limited edition print of Lakota warriors riding into battle against an unseen enemy. “Con.Fron.Ta.Tion” shows how the warriors used methods of concealing themselves behind their horses in battle.
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  5. Our Grandfathers Ride with Us Today - Don Montileaux - Limited Edition Print

    Our Grandfathers Ride with Us Today

    $80.00
    Limited edition print, “Our Grandfathers Ride with Us Today,” by Native American artist, Don Montileaux, depicts several Lakota warriors riding into battle along with the spirits of their grandfathers.
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  6. Yellow Bird - Don Montileaux - Limited Edition Print

    Yellow Bird

    $80.00
    Donald F. Montileaux is a Native American ledger artist who created this limited edition print, “Yellow Bird,” which depicts a beautifully painted and decorated shield.
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  7. Dancing Horses - Don Montileaux - Limited Edition Print

    Dancing Horses

    $80.00
    Don Montileaux is a Lakota ledger artist whose limited edition print, “Dancing Horses,” features a decorated shield.
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  8. Battle - Don Montileaux - Limited Edition Print

    Battle

    $80.00
    Limited edition ledger art print, “Battle,” by Donald Montileaux shows two warriors racing to a fight.
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  9. Soldiers, Soldiers Everywhere - Don Montileaux - Limited Edition Print

    Soldiers, Soldiers Everywhere

    $80.00
    Three warriors on horseback race to battle in Don Montileaux’s limited edition ledger art print, “Soldiers, Soldiers Everywhere”.
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  10. Buffalo Roam - Ledger Drawing by Donald F. Montileaux

    Buffalo Roam

    $1,250.00
    Don Montileaux's vibrant drawing, "Buffalo Roam," is done with colored pencil and ink on 1901 ledger paper.
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