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Historical Events & Related Products

Historical Events & Related Products

May is the month of flowers, the beginning of spring and the kick off for summer. In our modern times, we are lucky to be able to look forward to these things. History can be harsh, there are many decisions that were made that resonate through time and still affect our lives today. The Cherokee's and Crazy Horse are part of history and should be lessons for us in todays world.

May 8 1819: On this day, Kamehamaha the Great uttered his final words to those gathered around him, "E oni no 'oukou i ku'u pono 'a' ole e pau." (Endless is the good that I have given you to enjoy).

May 6, 1822: An act to Abolish the United States Trading Establishment with the Indian Tribes. This act, passed by Congress, allowed all excess materials collected through the termination of trade with the Indians to be at the President's disposal. He was given the authority to sell them as he saw fit and to use the profits to carry out this act.

May 6, 1828: Treaty of Washington: This treaty addresses members of the Cherokee nation west of the Mississippi, guaranteeing them seven million acres of land and a "perpetual outlet" west as far as the sovereignty of the United States extends. Such "agreements" set the stage for the justification of removal.

May 28, 1830: Indian Removal Act: Congress passes the Indian Removal Act, authorizing the President to pursue ownership of all Indian lands east of the mississippi river. Under the act, the Indians will be compensated with new lands drawn from the public domain west of the mississippi river.

May 17, 1838: General Scott addresses his troops regarding the removal of remaining Cherokee Indians residing in the Southeast. Trail of Tears: As the forced removal of 16,000 Cherokees began, most were herded into camps where they remained for most of the summer and where at least 1,500 perished. The remainder began their 800 mile forced march to Oklahoma that fall. It is estimated that 4,000 Cherokee die during the forced removal process.

May 17, 1858: Defeat for Colonel Steptoe: 1,200 Coeur d'Alene, Palouse, Spokane and Skitswich Indians defeated a strong force of Colonel Steptoe near Colfax, Washington at the village of tohotonimme.

May 15, 1876: Cabazon Reservation is created by then President Ulysses S. Grant for the Cahuilla Indians. Prior to the order, the Cahuilla moved many times due to Southern Pacific Railroad's claim to local water rights.

May 6, 1877: Crazy Horse surrendered to General George Crook at Fort Robinson, Nebraska. He had received assurances that he and his followers would be permitted to settle in the Powder River country of Montana. Defiant to the end, Crazy Horse arrived with a band of 800 warriors, all brandishing weapons and chanting war songs.

May 7, 1877: A small band of Minneconjou Lakota Sioux are defeated by General Miles, this ended the Great Sioux Wars.

May 12, 1879: Judge Elmer S. Dundy ruled that an Indian is a person under the law and entitled to rights and protection. This one decision made it possible for the Ponca's and Chief Standing Bear to return to their homelands on the Niobrara Valley in Nebraska.

May 1883: Lakota Chief Sitting Bull was released from prison. He rejoined his tribe at Standing Rock where he was forced to work fields. He spoke out against plans to open part of the reservation to white settlers to no avail, the land transfer proceeded anyway. He lived the rest of his life across the grand river from his birth place.

May 5 1884: On this day, Charles Albert "Chief" Bender was born. He was a pitcher in Major League Baseball and a member of the Ojibwe tribe.

May 29, 1890: Charles L. Hyde, a Pierre, South Dakota citizen, wrote a letter to the Secretary of the Interior saying the Ghost Dance was leading to a possible uprising by the Sioux. Prior to the letter, federal agents were not concerned about the Ghost Dance, but soon after they feared the ceremony.

May 8, 1973: Members of AIM surrendered to federal agents at South Dakota's Pine Ridge Reservation, ending their 71 day occupation of Wounded Knee, the same location as the infamous 1890 Massacre of Wounded Knee.

May 13, 1983: On this date under proclamation of President Ronald Reagan, the United States observed "American Indian Day."

  1. Crazy Horse: A Lakota Life

    Crazy Horse: A Lakota Life

    This book offers a new, richly detailed, and meticulously documented biography of the famous nineteenth-century Oglala leader who has become an icon of Native American resistance. Learn More
  2. Crazy Horse: The Lakota Warrior's Life and Legacy

    Crazy Horse: The Lakota Warrior's Life and Legacy

    The man, the myth and the legend, a new perspective.

    In Crazy Horse:The Lakota Warrior's Life and Legacy, the Edward Clown family, descendants of the Lakota war leader, presents the family tales and memories told to them about their famous grandfather. Learn More
  3. The Crazy Horse and Crook Fight of 1876: New Discoveries at the Battle of the Rosebud

    The Crazy Horse and Crook Fight of 1876: New Discoveries at the Battle of the Rosebud

    This book is about the Battle of the Rosebud, one of the seven major battles of the 1876/77 Sioux Indian War. The Rosebud Battle occurred on June 17, 1876, in southeast Montana near a small and meandering stream called Rosebud Creek. Learn More
  4. The Cherokees - Cover

    The Cherokees

    Between 1540 and 1906, there are 366 changeful, fateful, transforming years. So terrible were some of the ills through which the Cherokee passed that sympathetic white friends feared the tribe was fated to perish. But in every threatening crisis the Cherokees' indestructible racial vitalities found the way of extrication and survival. Learn More
  5. Trail of Tears: The Rise and Fall of the Cherokee Nation - Cover

    Trail of Tears: The Rise and Fall of the Cherokee Nation

    The author grew up in Asheville, North Carolina, not far from the Cherokee, and as a child he absorbed many impressions of the Cherokees and stories of their past. Early in life he became aware, as they taught him, that the earth is flat and is suspended from its four corners by great ropes, and in the center of the Earth live the Principal People, the Cherokee.
    ~John Ehle
    Penland, North Carolina. Learn More
  6. Sitting Bull: His Life and Legacy

    Sitting Bull: His Life and Legacy

    Never before has the story of Sitting Bull been written and published by a lineal descendant. In Sitting Bull: His Life and Legacy, Ernie LaPointe, a great-grandson of the famous Hunkpapa Lakota chief, presents the family tales and memories told to him about his great grandfather. Learn More
  7. Sitting Bull

    Sitting Bull

    Sitting Bull's name is still the best known of any American Indian leader, but his life and legacy have been shrouded with misinformation and half-truths. Learn More
  8. Native style shield w. Crazy Horse symbols

    Crazy Horse Shield

    Tasunka Witko - Crazy Horse - was one of the greatest Lakota/Sioux Chiefs. His name personifies the bravery, wisdom and spirit of the legendary Lakota/Sioux warriors. Learn More

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